This is a process organized by family and close friends to help an individual affected by drug and alcohol addiction. The team could also include religious leaders and other people who care for the addict in question.
The main purpose of an intervention is to help alcoholics and drug addicts recognize the problem they are facing and, therefore, seek treatment from rehabilitation facilities. Other issues that can be addressed by intervention procedures include internet addictions, obsessive gambling and sexual addictions.
Successful interventions can be organized by family members alone, but for more difficult cases, it is imperative to have a trained counselor to assist.
There are various types of family interventions that can be engaged to help an addict. However, three main models are used more frequently:
The Johnson Model – This was among the very first forms of interventions and has been in practice for over three decades for addiction to alcohol and drugs. It identifies the important role that can be played by family members in helping their loved ones beat addiction, instead of just watching them suffer from a distance.
This model seeks to do two things; first, to help alcoholics and drug addicts accept their problem and stop denying it. Secondly, to help them join a suitable program or center for treatment. It relies solely on the willingness of an addicted person to accept treatment after intervention by his or her family.
The length of this form of intervention will rely on the size of the intervention group and the time used to break down the resistance of the addicted persons to seek treatment for their condition.
For this model to succeed, all plans for the intervention must be kept secret from the addicted person until the intervention meeting has begun.
The Invitational Model – In this form of intervention, the addicted person is invited to take part in the entire process, as opposed to the Johnson model, which requires a great deal of secrecy. It is assumed in this process that the family is a very powerful unit that can force someone to change his or her attitude towards life. The main subject of focus in this situation is the addicted person in the family.
Unlike other forms of interventions, this variation relies on a series of intervention efforts. Also referred to as the Arise intervention procedure, it makes use of a three-phase process that involves family members. It is a very flexible procedure compared to the other two models. With The Invitational Model, five to ten meetings are conducted. These include telephone meetings, and meetings between the intervention panel and the trained interventionist.
However, if the addicted person is not willing to attend any of the meetings he or she is invited to attend by the intervention panel, even after several efforts, a random intervention meeting will be organized. However, if the person attends a telephone conference and agrees to enter a treatment program willingly, the services of an interventionist will no longer be needed.
The Family Systems Intervention Model – In this intervention technique, all members of the family are asked to attend a training session or workshop on substance abuse conducted by an experienced interventionist. During the meeting, family members give their view about substance addiction and share the real life experiences they have encountered.
The main purpose of this method is to get new information about addiction and its treatment, not to mention the main goal of getting the addicted family member(s) to contemplate seeking treatment for this problem. This is a good method because it tends to help all members of the family, not just the ones battling issues of addiction.